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Christmas 2009
Christmas 2009

Our Terminology

Picture of the Articles of War document, which intending soldiers sign

Articles of War is the statement of beliefs and promises every intending Salvation Army soldier is required to sign.

Because The Salvation Army operates according to a military structure (yes, we really are an Army!), you will come across some terminology that may be unfamiliar to you. Here’s a few phrases and commonly-used abbreviations to help.

For more detailed information, you can read more about our terminology in the About Us section of the site, particularly under Our Structure. This includes a helpful graphic explanation of Salvation Army ranks and administrative structure.

Terminology

Adherent: A person who regards The Salvation Army as his/ her spiritual home but has not chosen to make the commitment of 'soldiership' in The Salvation Army

Articles of War (Soldier’s Covenant): this is the statement of beliefs and promises which every intending soldier is required to sign before enrolment.

“Blood & Fire”: The Salvation Army’s motto, referring to the symbolism of the sacrificial blood of Jesus Christ and the purifying, illuminating fire of the Holy Spirit

Cadet: A Salvationist undertaking theological and practical training for officership. The first cadets were trained in 1879.

Candidate: a soldier who has been accepted to enter training as an officer

Chief of the Staff: this is the leader second in command of The Salvation Army worldwide. He or she is chosen by the General.

Citadel: used to refer to the property or church building where Salvationists meet for worship. Other terms used are 'fortress' and 'temple'.

Colonel: this is a rank appointed to Salvation Army officers on merit by the General.

Command: A smaller type of Salvation Army Territory directed by a designated 'Officer Commanding'

Commissioner: this is the highest rank of a Salvation Army officer except General, and is appointed on merit by the General. Most Territorial Commanders are Commissioner in rank, although some are Colonels.

Congress: Central gatherings held in divisions, regions, territories or internationally, attended by officers and their fellow Salvationists

Corps: (pronounced ‘core’) a Salvation Army church, similar in concept to that of a parish, sometimes comprising several congregations.

Corps Cadet: A young Salvationist who undertakes a course of Bible study, Salvation Army doctrine and history, and practical training in his/her corps

Corps Officer: ordained Salvation Army clergy who leads a Salvation Army Corps.

Corps Sergeant-Major (CSM): Similar to the chief 'elder' or lay leader in other Christian denominations, the CSM is the chief local officer for public work who assists the corps officer with meetings (worship services) and usually takes command and responsibility in the corps officer’s absence.

Dedication Service: The Salvation Army's equivalent to a christening service, it consists of a public presentation of infants to God. It differs from christening or infant baptism in that the main emphasis is upon specific vows made by the parent/s concerning the child's/children's upbringing.

Disposition of Forces / (‘dispo’): a directory of contact details used within The Salvation Army mainly for Army officers, programs and centres

Division: a grouping of districts, similar to a diocese in the Anglican Church. Territories are divided into Divisions, each of which has a number of Corps and social centres which are mostly run by officers.

Divisional Commander (DC): the leader of a Salvation Army Division

Divisional Headquarters (DHQ): the administrative headquarters of a Division.

Farewell Orders: the transfer of officers to new appointments

Furlough: holidays for officers

General: The General is the officer elected (by the High Council) to lead The Salvation Army worldwide, and is based at International Headquarters in London. All appointments are made, and all regulations issued, under the General's authority

High Council: A group called together on a needs-basis, the High Council elects the General in accordance with The Salvation Army Act 1980.The High Council comprises the Chief of the Staff, all active (as opposed to retired) commissioners except the spouse of the General, and all territorial commanders

Holiness Table: see Mercy Seat

International Headquarters (IHQ): the General directs Salvation Army operations throughout 108 countries of the world through the administrative departments of International Headquarters (IHQ) in London, which are headed by International Secretaries

International Secretary: An officer appointed by the General to supervise administrative departments at International Headquarters representing various parts of Salvation Army work worldwide.

Junior Soldier: A boy or girl who, having come to faith in Christ and signed the Junior Soldier's Promise, is enrolled as a Salvationist.

League of Mercy: Now known as Community Care Ministries, League of Mercy commenced in 1892 to respond to spiritual and social needs through visitation in the local community

Lieutenant-Colonel: this is a rank appointed to Salvation Army officers on merit by the General.

Local Officer: A soldier appointed to a position of responsibility and authority in the corps, who carries out the duties of the appointment without being separated from his/her regular employment/lifestyle and without receiving remuneration from The Salvation Army

Major: this is the rank of a Salvation Army officer who has completed further studies and 15 years service.

Meeting: church service

Mercy Seat (penitent form, holiness table): A bench or table provided as a place where people can kneel to pray, seeking salvation or sanctification, or making a special consecration of their life to God's will and service

Officer: ordained Salvation Army clergy, who wear uniforms with red epaulettes indicating their rank

Orders and Regulations for The Salvation Army:

Order of the Founder (The): This order of merit marks meritorious Christian example and witness, and distinguished or memorable service

Order of the Silver Star (The): Inaugurated in the USA in 1930, and extended internationally in 1936, this order expresses gratitude to parents of commissioned officers in The Salvation Army

Outpost: A locality in which Army work is carried on and where it is hoped a society or corps will develop

Penitent form: see Mercy Seat

Promotion to Glory: The Army's description of the death of Salvationists, with 'glory' symbolising life after death in God's presence.

Quarters: This refers to the house provided for Salvation Army officers, their spouses and their families.

Ranks: Officers in The Salvation Army have different ranks. These include Cadet, Captain, Major, Lieut-Colonel, Colonel and Commissioner. Read more. [Link to ranks page]

Red Shield: a widely recognised Salvation Army symbol of caring service for those in need.

Red Shield Appeal: An annual financial appeal to the general public to help fund The Salvation Army's extensive social program.

Salvation: The work of grace which God accomplishes in a repentant person whose trust is in Jesus Christ. The deeper experience of this grace, known as holiness or sanctification, is the outcome of wholehearted commitment to God. Read more in Our Faith.

SAGALA (Salvation Army Guards And Legion Association): A branch of work with children from The Salvation Army and the wider community, similar to girl guides/boy scouts

Salvationist: member of The Salvation Army, whether an officer or soldier

Secretary: departmental head

Soldier: lay member of The Salvation Army (ie. church members who are non-clergy)

Songster Bridgade: Salvation Army choir

Swearing-in: The public enrolment of Salvation Army soldiers

Timbrel: musical instrument, similar to a tambourine

Territory: for administrative purposes, The Salvation Army internationally is divided into world Territories. Usually each country forms a single Salvation Army Territory, but some where the Army is numerically strong are divided into two or more.

Territorial Commander (TC): the leader of a Salvation Army Territory.

Territorial Headquarters (THQ): the administrative headquarters for a Territory.

War Cry: The Salvation Army's official flagship journal, many issues of which are published in many countries. The War Cry was first published in 1879

Young People’s Sergeant Major (YPSM): A local officer responsible for the young people's work, under the commanding officer.

Abbreviations

Here are a few commonly used abbreviations:

CO: Corps Officer

CSM: Corps Sergeant-Major

DC: Divisional Commander

DHQ: Divisional Headquarters

IHQ: International Headquarters

TC: Territorial Commander

THQ: Territorial Headquarters

YPSM: Young People's Sergeant Major