Leadership and structure
The Salvation Army Australia is part of a worldwide Christian and charitable organisation whose members demonstrate their faith and beliefs through bringing hope, care and support to those in need.
The Salvation Army operates in 130 countries and is led by the General who provides spiritual and administrative guidance to Salvation Army units around the world and is located at the Army’s International Headquarters (IHQ) in London, England.
A quasi-military command structure was adopted in 1878 when the title ‘The Salvation Army’ was brought into use. As a response to a recurrent theme in Christianity which sees the Church engaged in spiritual warfare, The Salvation Army today uses this structure and soldier-like characteristics such as uniforms, flags and ranks to identify, inspire and regulate its mission.
The main responsibilities of The Salvation Army's General and the International Headquarters administrative departments is to deal with strategic and long-range planning and to act as resource centre for the worldwide Army.
The next level in our structure is a Territory. Territories usually corresponds to a country, however, many countries with a numerically strong Salvation Army presence may be divided into a number of territories. The Territory is headed by the Territorial Commander, usually having the rank of Commissioner or Colonel.
Structure, symbols and terminology
As well as the distinct structure of The Salvation Army, there are a number of different symbols and terms used which makes it recognisable to the general public.
Officers, soldiers and adherents
Members of The Salvation Army actively support the Army’s mission and are identified as adherents, soldiers and officers.